The Jerusalem cross (also known as “Five-fold Cross”, or “cross-and-crosslets”) is a heraldic cross and Christian cross variant consisting of a large cross potent surrounded by four smaller Greek crosses, one in each quadrant. It was used as the emblem and coat of arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from the 1280s.
There are variants to the design, also known as “Jerusalem cross”, with either the four crosslets also in the form of Crosses potent or conversely with the central cross also in the form of a plain Greek cross.
It is not to be confused with the Lorraine cross, which has also been called the “Jerusalem cross”.
The symbolism of the five-fold cross is variously given as the Five Wounds of Christ, Christ and the four evangelists, or Christ and the four quarters of the world.